Which surgeon was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on the "physiology, pathology, and surgery of the thyroid gland?"A. Theodore Billroth
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to Emil Kocher in 1909. In addition to his research on the physiology of the thyroid, Kocher's operative methods greatly reduced the mortality risk of thyroidectomy. The Kocher clamp was designed to prevent hemorrhage from the hypervascular gland during thyroidectomy.