Obstetrics & Gynecology>>>>>The Puerperium, Lactation, and Immediate Care of the Newborn
Question 6#

A 30-year-old G5P3 has undergone a repeat cesarean delivery. She wants to breastfeed. Her past medical history is significant for hepatitis B infection, hypothyroidism, depression, and breast reduction. She is receiving intravenous antibiotics for endometritis. The baby latches on appropriately and begins to suckle. 

The patient asks you about the pros and cons of breastfeeding.

Which of the following is an accurate statement regarding breastfeeding?

A) Breastfeeding decreases the time to return of normal menstrual cycles
B) Breastfeeding is associated with a decreased incidence of sudden infant death syndrome
C) Breastfeeding is a poor source of nutrients for required infant growth
D) Breastfeeding is associated with an increased incidence of childhood obesity
E) Breastfeeding is associated with a decreased incidence of childhood attention deficit disorder

Correct Answer is B

Comment:

According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, some of the benefits of nursing include a decrease in infant diarrhea, urinary tract infections, ear infections, and death from sudden infant death syndrome. Human milk is the ideal food for neonates. It provides species- and age-specific nutrients for the baby. It has immunological factors and antibacterial properties, and contains factors that act as biological signals to promote cellular growth. Breastfeeding can delay the resumption of ovulation and menses but should not be considered contraception.