Your-Doctor Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)

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Category: Urology--->Neurourology
Page: 1

Question 1#Print Question

In autonomic dysreflexia, which of the following symptoms do patients typically experience?

a. Flushing above the level of the injury, hypertension, reflex bradycardia and headache
b. Flushing above the level of the injury, hypertension, reflex tachycardia and headache
c. Flushing below the level of the injury, hypotension, reflex bradycardia and headache
d. Flushing below the level of the injury, hypertension, reflex tachycardia and headache
e. Flushing below the level of the injury, hypertension, reflex brachycardia and headache


Question 2#Print Question

An upper motor neurone lesion will usually comprise which of the following features?

a. A lesion at T10 or above with an atonic bladder
b. A lesion at T10 or above with neurogenic detrusor overactivity and detrusor-sphincter-dyssynergia
c. A lesion below L2 with an atonic bladder
d. Any lesion with detrusor-sphincter-dyssynergia
e. Cauda equina compression


Question 3#Print Question

When considering metabolic changes in substitution cystoplasties using bowel, which of the following is CORRECT?

a. A mild, subclinical hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis is encountered in all patients that undergo urinary diversion using ileal and/or colonic segments
b. Resulting hypokalaemia can lead to Guillain-Barré syndrome
c. Hypochloraemic hyperkalaemic metabolic acidosis is common
d. Follow-up of such patients is required for up to 10 years after their initial surgery
e. Is more common in a conduit than in a reservoir reconstruction


Question 4#Print Question

Which of the following is TRUE in spinal shock?

a. Is defined as a spinal cord concussion associated with paralysis, hypotonia and hyperreflexia
b. Usually lasts for 3 days
c. Ends when the bulbocavernosus reflex returns
d. The bladder should only be managed by CISC
e. Is more common in women


Question 5#Print Question

Which of the following is TRUE regarding onabotulinum toxin A?

a. . Was first used in urological terms for treatment of neurogenic detrusor overactivity
b. Is a temporary treatment and requires re-injections for sustained benefit
c. Takes effect immediately
d. Selectively inhibits post-synaptic vesicular acetylcholine release by cleaving SNAP-25
e. Is not licensed for patients with idiopathic detrusor overactivity




Category: Urology--->Neurourology
Page: 1 of 2