Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)

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Category: Surgery--->The Esophagus and Diaphragmatic Hernia
Page: 1

Question 1#Print Question

Locations of anatomic narrowing of the esophagus seen on an esophagram include all of the following EXCEPT:

a. Lower esophageal sphincter
b. Crossing of the left mainstem bronchus and aortic arch
c. Thoracic outlet
d. Cricopharyngeal muscle

Question 2#Print Question

The cervical esophagus receives its blood supply primarily from the:

a. Internal carotid artery
b. Inferior thyroid artery
c. Superior thyroid artery
d. Inferior cervical artery
e. Facial artery

Question 3#Print Question

All of the following cranial nerves are involved in the swallowing mechanism EXCEPT:

a. V
b. VII
d. X
e. XI

Question 4#Print Question

All of these are parts of the human antireflux mechanism EXCEPT:

a. Adequate gastric reservoir
b. Mechanically functioning lower esophageal sphincter (LES)
c. Mucus secreting cells of the distal esophagus
d. Efficient esophageal clearance

Question 5#Print Question

Physiologic reflux happens most commonly when a person is:

a. Awake and supine
b. Awake and upright
c. Asleep and supine
d. Asleep and semi-erect

Category: Surgery--->The Esophagus and Diaphragmatic Hernia
Page: 1 of 6