The term filicide refers to:
D. The killing of a child by its mother is very rare and is called filicide. It is linked to depressive disorders more than any other mental illness. Patricide refers to the act of killing one’s father. Sororicide is the act of killing one’s sister. Matricide is the killing of one’s mother and mariticide is killing of one’s spouse. Fraternicide refers to killing one’s brother.
To be applied successfully the fitness to plead criteria must be found relevant to a defendant at the time of:
B. The five criteria currently used in court in England and Wales to determine fitness to plead have remained unchanged for over 150 years. These are collectively termed Pritchard’s criteria:
As the degree of mental illness can vary with time, its effect on fitness to stand trial can differ. Hence it is important to establish fitness/unfitness in the defendant as applicable at the time of the trial proceedings.
Which of the following refers to assessment of medical negligence?
E. In the UK, the Bolam test has been the benchmark for assessing professional negligence since1957. According to the Bolam test, ‘A doctor is not guilty of negligence if he has acted in accordance with a practice accepted as proper by a responsible body of medical men skilled in that particular art’. In other words, a doctor is not negligent if he is acting in accordance with such a practice, merely because there is a body of opinion that takes a contrary view. McNaughton’s test refers to the assessment of diminished responsibility in the wake of mental illness in court. The MacArthur competency assessment tool and Pritchard’s criteria are used for assessing fitness to plead. Hare’s checklist is used for the assessment of psychopathy.
A ‘trial of facts’ takes place in which of the following conditions?
B. If a defendant is found unfit to plead the likelihood of becoming fit is initially considered. If this is likely, e.g. following treatment, then the trial can be adjourned until such improvement occurs. If such improvement is unlikely, a jury trial of the facts takes place in the defendant’s absence to determine whether the individual committed the alleged crime. If the individual is unfit to plead but at the end of the trial of facts it is established that he/she has committed the act, then one or other form of court disposal (e.g. a hospital order, supervision order or absolute discharge) is given.
Which of the following is a structured clinical risk assessment tool used in a forensic setting?
D. HCR-20 (historical, clinical, risk management – 20) incorporates static historical risk factors, such as previous violence and early maladjustment, together with dynamic factors that may be particularly important in individual cases, such as level of insight and lack of personal support. It is a commonly used structured clinical risk assessment scale. VRAG is an actuarial tool that incorporates important predictors of reconviction studied in a sample of Canadian male offenders with mental disorder followed up for 7 years. PCL-R stands for the revised version of psychopathy checklist. It is used with HCR-20; it is not a stand-alone risk assessment instrument. MMPI is used as a psychometric tool for personality variables. The Iterative Classifi cationTree is an actuarial decision-making tool produced by Monahan et al. (2001) using data from the MacArthur risk assessment study. This tool uses many different combinations of bivariate risk factors to classify a person as high or low risk.
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